ridkivti

The house in Ridkivţi village, Novosuliţa district, was built in 1835 and it is the oldest construction with dwelling destination in the museum. The master of the house was the mayor of the place, a famous and wealthy person, owning approximately 28 ha of land, a lot of cattle and many other assets. In the yard, there is a large barn, where the grains, the hay brought from the field, numerous household tools, carts, ploughs, harrows etc were kept. In the back yard, there is the pigsty, divided in two compartments and a two-level coop: the first level for geese and ducks the second for hens. A beautiful piece which gets the eye is the sculpted beam, where ceramic pottery from Bucovina is exhibited. By its side, there are two cribs, the first, made of osier willow, and the second, more solid, with wooden frame, is divided in three compartments. The side ones served to store the corn and were surrounded by narrow planks with spaces for venting. The central part served as larder and it was used to store the grains. The crib had a two sloping roof.
This house is typical for the Austrian side of Bucovina, only the size is larger. The four-sloping roof is made of rye straws. The chimney is absent; the place has two openings for smoke venting. Every detail of the interior reflects general traditional elements. The higher social status of the owner was reflected in the furniture and some objects of long-term use, which were bought from the town; the mirror, the gas lamp, the porcelain plates, several pairs of quality shoes.
The element which adorns the guest room is the carpet, representing roses surrounded by flower wreaths. On the bed, there are several pillows, nicely laid, and on the rod, there are the holiday attires. All these elements, together with the flowered pottery and the wall carpets create an intimate atmosphere, with functional and aesthetical role. The room also includes beautifully carved Hutsuls chests. The sculpted models include, besides the traditional stitches, little crosses, as a symbol of life and different rosettes and geometrical motifs, surrounded by concentric circles. All these stitches reflect the cosmogony of their ancestors, which worshipped the natural forces and lived in a perfect communion with nature. There are two chests in this room, which shows that there is an unmarried girl in the family, the second chest serving as a dowry chest. The girls were taught how to work from an early age: to spin, to weave, to sew and to embroider. Until the girl reached the marrying age, she had to prepare the blankets, towels, skirts, shirts and table cloths. The interior of the house also includes the reconstitution of a wedding fragment.