lashkivka

The household in Laşkivka village, Kiţmani district, is made up of several constructions. The stable for cows was a wooden construction, clayed and whitewashed. A shed with plank walls which included the carpentry table for wood processing was attached to the stable. In the backyard there was the coop for poultry and swine, made of wood beams. On the right of the house there is the larder – a construction on wooden frame backed up by pillars. It is the place to store the tableware, the cloth, the things needed in the house and food as well. Next to the larder there is the well with a wooden base, covered by a roof. Next to it, there was the corn crib. The materials used in constructions and the constructions themselves attest the economic status of the owner. This household is representative for a peasant with an average wealth.
The house includes three rooms and it was built in the 1870s. Pillars are dug at the corners of the house – by the beam joints, strengthening the clay mixed with straws which covered the walls. The four sloping roof of the construction is a traditional one and it is thatched. The floor is made of trodden earth and the ceiling is made of wood. The design of the house is typical: the living room (the small house), the hall and the guest house. The entrance from outside goes through the hall, where the things needed in the household are kept: tableware and food.
On the left, there is a small living room, including two windows. All the family lived here. On the right of the entrance, there is the hearth (the stove). Next to it, as in every traditional house, there is the bed, on top of which is the rod for clothes. Along the front and side walls, there are the benches and the table and above them, the icons.
The guest house is larger; the interior is typical, but it has a special feature – it includes a stove, built for the youngest son which remained to live with his parents after he got married. On the hall wall, on the shelf for the tableware, are placed the decorative pots and bowls. The front wall is adorned with enamelled painted pottery. The home-made carpets cover and adorn the walls. On the rod above the bed, there is the attire for holidays; it is delightful to watch the multitude of colourful embroidered shirts adorned with various stitches. The little carpet covering the wall by the side of the bed is also impressive by the beauty of stitches: stripes ornamented with vegetal motifs, which surround the zoomorphic and ornithomorphic motifs, which are the core of the artistic creation. The representation of the horse and birds belong to the ancient tradition of Bucovina culture. The symbol of the horse which helps the peasant perform his works is an expression of everyday life, being organically understood by every folk craftsman. Generally, every element, every detail of a peasant dwelling interior testifies as to the experience of many generations; their shape and content were thoroughly thought-out and crystallized. Every moment of life was represented; the traditions and habits which they followed every day helped peasants overcome life’s hardships, diminished their physical and emotional strain, preserving thus the energy and power of life of each member of the family.